Volume 5, Issue 2, September 2023
How can local governments build the resilience of disaster-affected households? This is an important concern since climate change is expected to worsen climate-related disasters especially among vulnerable sectors such as the urban poor in developing countries. For the Philippines, the most at-risk country in the World Risk Index 2022, it is important to address the vulnerability of the urban poor living in danger zones.
Volume 5, Issue 1, August 2023
The Philippines is highly exposed and vulnerable to tropical cyclones (also known as typhoons), which caused over ₱352 billion worth of losses and damages to agriculture between 2000 and 2021. The study focuses on the impacts of typhoons on banana production in the Philippines. Bananas are a crucial crop for consumption, nutrition and the economy. Mindanao accounts for a majority of the country’s production. The study examines the physical sensitivity of bananas to hazards like typhoons, considering factors such as wind speed, flood-prone areas, and slope, using geographical methods.
Volume 5, Issue 1, October 2022
There is a need to strengthen disaster preparedness and resilience at all levels of society in the
country. This study was conducted to assess, based on capitals, the level of disaster preparedness
of selected households, barangays, and municipalities in the Province of Laguna.
Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2022
With the increasing
incidence of extreme weather events, it is important to identify appropriate
strategies to enhance the adaptive capacity of households. In the Philippines
for example, climate-induced flooding is displacing many people. This is true
in the case of Pila, Laguna, Philippines, which is often flooded when there are
typhoons and monsoon events. Strong typhoons in the past caused houses near the
lake to be submerged in flood waters and forced households to evacuate. The
impact however on these households would vary depending on their adaptive
capacities. This study aims to assess the adaptive capacities of households in
lakeshore communities susceptible to flooding and identify strategies for
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2022
Bringing aid to disaster-stricken communities is complex, especially in the Philippines where destructive typhoons are intensifying due to climate change. This paper illustrates the coordination for humanitarian aid from Philippine government instrumentalities, the military, uniformed personnel, and civilian sectors as well as from, multilateral organizations and non-government organizations, both local and international during state of national calamities like Typhoon Haiyan. Disaster response increases in complexity in conflict zones such as Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), where armed non-state actors have been active for many years. Encapsulated are the perceptions of 30 respondents coming from government agencies involved in disaster risk reduction and management, including the military and uniformed personnel including humanitarian and relief agencies, during both peacetime and conflict. This embodies challenges in civil-military engagement in balancing mandated tasks such as security, maintaining peace and order, preserving sovereignty, and preventing terrorism with adherence to humanitarian principles and frameworks even while striving to deliver basic humanitarian services in the nexus of climate change and conflict.
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2021
The Philippines is one of the countries
highly vulnerable to climate change, and this condition threatens further the meager
agricultural production in the country. However, while the Philippines has
established the institutional foundations linking climate change to agriculture,
through policies and legislation, advances in climate change adaptation have
been slow, especially at the local level. This paper demonstrated that this gap
in policy formulation and actual implementation stems from the lack of institutional
analysis in CCA efforts in the Philippines. The paper concludes that along with
the scientific and technological discussions, institutional conversations
should be among the initial vital steps in CCA planning, and policy and
decision-making. It further advocates that institutional analysis can be the
entry point for designing reforms toward effective CCA implementation.
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2020
This paper connects climate change and hydrometeorological
calamities based on econometric evidence that links atmospheric CO2
accumulations to floods and storms. The study uses climate data from 155
countries, with a period spanning 46 years (1970–2016) and adopted a
statistical and econometric approach to assess the factors that have
contributed to the increase in the frequency of intense flood and storm events.
Findings showed that the number of climate disasters could double in less than 21
years, and thus severely damage the environment, socioeconomic progress, and
welfare of millions of people worldwide.
Volume 4, Issue 1, May 2019
(RWH) is an existing technology proven to be effective in reducing pressure on water
resource, yet often overlooked as a viable alternative for supplying water to
households and businesses while reducing stormwater runoff in urban settings. This
paper developed, fabricated and tested various collapsible rubber tank (CRT)
designs and influence water users and decision-makers to strongly support RWH. With
proper handling and maintenance, CRT can be a good alternative for rainwater
storage and can be used in hard-to-reach areas particularly during emergency
situations and relief operations.
Volume 3, Issue 1, December 2018
Only few studies investigated the adaptive capacity or
adaptation practices of indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines and none so
far in the Compostela Valley. Since the landslide and flash flood events in
2012 brought by Typhoon Bopha, no systematic study has been conducted to
compare the adaptive capacity of IPs and non-IPs in New Bataan’s most affected
communities. This paper contributes to the assessments of adaptive behavior
with the ultimate goal of stimulating adaptation support to the most vulnerable
Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018
In 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest tropical
cyclones to impact the Philippines, made landfall in Tacloban City. The typhoon
incapacitated the city, breaking down its main lifeline, the transport system.
This article analyzes how a weakened transport system exacerbates disaster
vulnerability, specifically manifested in the restricted mobility and access of
people and communities immediately after an extreme event.