Volume 5, Issue 1, October 2022
There is a need to strengthen disaster preparedness and resilience at all levels of society in the
country. This study was conducted to assess, based on capitals, the level of disaster preparedness
of selected households, barangays, and municipalities in the Province of Laguna.
Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2022
With the increasing
incidence of extreme weather events, it is important to identify appropriate
strategies to enhance the adaptive capacity of households. In the Philippines
for example, climate-induced flooding is displacing many people. This is true
in the case of Pila, Laguna, Philippines, which is often flooded when there are
typhoons and monsoon events. Strong typhoons in the past caused houses near the
lake to be submerged in flood waters and forced households to evacuate. The
impact however on these households would vary depending on their adaptive
capacities. This study aims to assess the adaptive capacities of households in
lakeshore communities susceptible to flooding and identify strategies for
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2022
Bringing aid to disaster-stricken communities is complex, especially in the Philippines where destructive typhoons are intensifying due to climate change. This paper illustrates the coordination for humanitarian aid from Philippine government instrumentalities, the military, uniformed personnel, and civilian sectors as well as from, multilateral organizations and non-government organizations, both local and international during state of national calamities like Typhoon Haiyan. Disaster response increases in complexity in conflict zones such as Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), where armed non-state actors have been active for many years. Encapsulated are the perceptions of 30 respondents coming from government agencies involved in disaster risk reduction and management, including the military and uniformed personnel including humanitarian and relief agencies, during both peacetime and conflict. This embodies challenges in civil-military engagement in balancing mandated tasks such as security, maintaining peace and order, preserving sovereignty, and preventing terrorism with adherence to humanitarian principles and frameworks even while striving to deliver basic humanitarian services in the nexus of climate change and conflict.
Volume 5, Issue 1, November 2021
Restarting business after river floods
The impacts of river floods on small and medium-scale enterprises are significantly felt in the damage and losses experienced by owners and managers who are already saddled with keeping going their businesses related to food, industry, and farm. Such depressing experiences, evident likewise on their flood disaster risk perceptions, should have reduced the value of the place of their business operations or entrepreneurial activities. But they insisted on remaining and rebuilding after disastrous floods rather than stopping or relocating away from hazards. Interestingly, this survey of a non-probability sample of 36 enterprise owners and managers along the Ocoy River in Negros Oriental, Philippines, revealed that flood disaster risk perception is positively and significantly related to their sense of place. Incidentally, they had a low disaster preparedness, although not significantly associated with these two variables, suggesting the high value they assigned to their communities despite a high flood risk. Only place dependence as an economic component of the sense of place was positively and significantly related to flood disaster preparedness which explains their reluctance to relocate. Therefore, as part of enterprises; formal requirements for a business permit, the entrepreneurs must undergo flood disaster preparedness orientation to adapt to climate change.
Volume 4, Issue 1, April 2021
This study assessed the climate trends, changes, impacts, and adaptation strategies of farm households in five barangays in the Roxas mountain range, Koronadal City, South Cotabato by using household survey data from 265 respondents, and complimented with focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. The findings of the study revealed that climate changes are manifested by floods, landslides, and droughts as experienced by the local people which caused devastation and affected socioeconomic and environmental conditions of farming livelihood. Farmers used to have bountiful harvests, however, this situation recently changed due to the increasing climate-related risk events. The existing adaptation strategies are just stop-gap solutions that address the effects of climate change, but do not consider the root causes. To consider future changes in climate patterns, the socioeconomic and political structure and processes of the communities need to change by addressing multifaceted drivers of climate change hazards and their impacts. Some grassroot-level transformative adaptation strategies identified in the study consisted of socioeconomic facets, specifically, investment in children’s education, financial management, family planning, and development of alternative on-farm and nonfarm livelihood options. The environmental aspect, including the promotion of agroforestry system, water impoundment technologies, and advanced early warning system, were also considered.
Volume 3, Issue 1, December 2018
Only few studies investigated the adaptive capacity or
adaptation practices of indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines and none so
far in the Compostela Valley. Since the landslide and flash flood events in
2012 brought by Typhoon Bopha, no systematic study has been conducted to
compare the adaptive capacity of IPs and non-IPs in New Bataan’s most affected
communities. This paper contributes to the assessments of adaptive behavior
with the ultimate goal of stimulating adaptation support to the most vulnerable
Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018
In 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest tropical
cyclones to impact the Philippines, made landfall in Tacloban City. The typhoon
incapacitated the city, breaking down its main lifeline, the transport system.
This article analyzes how a weakened transport system exacerbates disaster
vulnerability, specifically manifested in the restricted mobility and access of
people and communities immediately after an extreme event.
Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018
Typhoon Pablo (Bopha) was the most powerful storm to have hit the island of Mindanao, southern Philippines in more than 100 years of recorded storms. This paper identified the adaptation gaps in the post-Typhoon Bopha recovery and reconstruction based on roundtable discussion, household survey and conjoint analysis.
Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017
The livelihoods of Aytas of Floridablanca, Pampanga, Philippines are dependent on natural resources, which are prone to climate change impacts. To assess their adaptive capacity, this paper analyzed the different resources available in their community using the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Framework.
Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017
Vulnerability to flooding due to climate change results in limited access to resources, soil erosion and/or deposition, and reduced quality of water supply among others, affecting many farming communities. Recognizing the need to assess and better understand the adaptive capacity of farming communities, this study determined the effects of flooding and assessed the adaptive capacity levels of farming households in Mabitac, Laguna, Philippines as a case.