Volume 5, Issue 2, September 2023
How can local governments build the resilience of disaster-affected households? This is an important concern since climate change is expected to worsen climate-related disasters especially among vulnerable sectors such as the urban poor in developing countries. For the Philippines, the most at-risk country in the World Risk Index 2022, it is important to address the vulnerability of the urban poor living in danger zones.
Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2021
The Philippines is one of the countries
highly vulnerable to climate change, and this condition threatens further the meager
agricultural production in the country. However, while the Philippines has
established the institutional foundations linking climate change to agriculture,
through policies and legislation, advances in climate change adaptation have
been slow, especially at the local level. This paper demonstrated that this gap
in policy formulation and actual implementation stems from the lack of institutional
analysis in CCA efforts in the Philippines. The paper concludes that along with
the scientific and technological discussions, institutional conversations
should be among the initial vital steps in CCA planning, and policy and
decision-making. It further advocates that institutional analysis can be the
entry point for designing reforms toward effective CCA implementation.
Volume 4, Issue 1, November 2019
The Philippines is a global player in sugar cane production with Negros province, aka “sugarlandia”, accounting for 80% of national production. As changes in climatic conditions have and will continue to directly or indirectly affect sugarcane production, we should understand better how climate change and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events will impact production targets and future irrigation requirements. This paper demonstrates how a crop model can be used to assess the present and mid-century impacts of ENSO and climate change on sugarcane growth and productivity in Negros Occidental province, Philippines.
Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018
In 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest tropical
cyclones to impact the Philippines, made landfall in Tacloban City. The typhoon
incapacitated the city, breaking down its main lifeline, the transport system.
This article analyzes how a weakened transport system exacerbates disaster
vulnerability, specifically manifested in the restricted mobility and access of
people and communities immediately after an extreme event.
Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018
Typhoon Pablo (Bopha) was the most powerful storm to have hit the island of Mindanao, southern Philippines in more than 100 years of recorded storms. This paper identified the adaptation gaps in the post-Typhoon Bopha recovery and reconstruction based on roundtable discussion, household survey and conjoint analysis.
Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017
Vulnerability to flooding due to climate change results in limited access to resources, soil erosion and/or deposition, and reduced quality of water supply among others, affecting many farming communities. Recognizing the need to assess and better understand the adaptive capacity of farming communities, this study determined the effects of flooding and assessed the adaptive capacity levels of farming households in Mabitac, Laguna, Philippines as a case.
Volume 2, Issue 1, November 2016
Recently, corn farmers in Abuan Watershed and Isabela Province are experiencing declining crop yields caused by insufficient amount of rainfall. To increase crop yields and reduce production risks, research on better use of available rainfall and better understanding on effects of climate variability, and soil and field management on crop production is imperative.
Volume 1, Issue 1, January 2016
Climate-related hazards can lead to disasters in communities with lower socioeconomic conditions, inadequate access to basic social and infrastructure services, and poor institutions. The impacts of Typhoon Haiyan that struck the Philippines in 2013 not only highlighted the exposure of several cities but also indicated the underlying causes of their social vulnerability to climate-related hazards.