Received: 20 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2018/ Published online: 13 December 2018
Indigenous people have low adaptive capacity to both short- and long-term impacts of typhoon-induced floods and landslides.
Many indigenous people with low and very low adaptive capacity live in Andap, which was most devastated by the typhoon.
Education and capacity building are essential to improving access to resources and thus increasing the adaptive capacity of the indigenous people.
The paper assessed and compared the adaptive capacity of
indigenous peoples (IPs) to non-IPs in five villages that were affected by
Typhoon Bopha (Pablo) in Eastern Mindanao in 2012. The flash flood and
landslide disasters were caused by exposure to heavy rainfall combined with
sensitivity of the environment in the region. Because these climatic and
ecological risks are expected to persist in the future, it is necessary to
assess the capacity of the communities to adapt to the socio-economic impacts
of disasters. The assessment was based on survey data that were analyzed using
factor and cluster analyses. The factor analysis was used to identify the most
relevant factors affecting adaptive capacity and cluster analysis was used to
develop typologies of adaptive capacity. The results revealed that a higher
number of IPs have low and very low adaptive capacity than non-IPs. The main
factor that lowers the adaptive capacity of the former is (lack of) access to
resources including education and calamity support as well as skilled and
contract-basis types of employment. The IPs have low adaptive capacity to both
short- and long-term impacts of typhoon-induced floods and landslides.
Education and capacity building are essential to improving IPs’ access to
resources and thus increasing adaptive capacity.