Volume 5, Issue 2, September 2023
How can local governments build the resilience of disaster-affected households? This is an important concern since climate change is expected to worsen climate-related disasters especially among vulnerable sectors such as the urban poor in developing countries. For the Philippines, the most at-risk country in the World Risk Index 2022, it is important to address the vulnerability of the urban poor living in danger zones.
Volume 5, Issue 1, August 2023
The Philippines is highly exposed and vulnerable to tropical cyclones (also known as typhoons), which caused over ₱352 billion worth of losses and damages to agriculture between 2000 and 2021. The study focuses on the impacts of typhoons on banana production in the Philippines. Bananas are a crucial crop for consumption, nutrition and the economy. Mindanao accounts for a majority of the country’s production. The study examines the physical sensitivity of bananas to hazards like typhoons, considering factors such as wind speed, flood-prone areas, and slope, using geographical methods.
Volume 5, Issue 1, October 2022
There is a need to strengthen disaster preparedness and resilience at all levels of society in the
country. This study was conducted to assess, based on capitals, the level of disaster preparedness
of selected households, barangays, and municipalities in the Province of Laguna.
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2022
Bringing aid to disaster-stricken communities is complex, especially in the Philippines where destructive typhoons are intensifying due to climate change. This paper illustrates the coordination for humanitarian aid from Philippine government instrumentalities, the military, uniformed personnel, and civilian sectors as well as from, multilateral organizations and non-government organizations, both local and international during state of national calamities like Typhoon Haiyan. Disaster response increases in complexity in conflict zones such as Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), where armed non-state actors have been active for many years. Encapsulated are the perceptions of 30 respondents coming from government agencies involved in disaster risk reduction and management, including the military and uniformed personnel including humanitarian and relief agencies, during both peacetime and conflict. This embodies challenges in civil-military engagement in balancing mandated tasks such as security, maintaining peace and order, preserving sovereignty, and preventing terrorism with adherence to humanitarian principles and frameworks even while striving to deliver basic humanitarian services in the nexus of climate change and conflict.
Volume 4, Issue 1, April 2021
This study assessed the climate trends, changes, impacts, and adaptation strategies of farm households in five barangays in the Roxas mountain range, Koronadal City, South Cotabato by using household survey data from 265 respondents, and complimented with focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. The findings of the study revealed that climate changes are manifested by floods, landslides, and droughts as experienced by the local people which caused devastation and affected socioeconomic and environmental conditions of farming livelihood. Farmers used to have bountiful harvests, however, this situation recently changed due to the increasing climate-related risk events. The existing adaptation strategies are just stop-gap solutions that address the effects of climate change, but do not consider the root causes. To consider future changes in climate patterns, the socioeconomic and political structure and processes of the communities need to change by addressing multifaceted drivers of climate change hazards and their impacts. Some grassroot-level transformative adaptation strategies identified in the study consisted of socioeconomic facets, specifically, investment in children’s education, financial management, family planning, and development of alternative on-farm and nonfarm livelihood options. The environmental aspect, including the promotion of agroforestry system, water impoundment technologies, and advanced early warning system, were also considered.
Volume 4, Issue 1, May 2019
(RWH) is an existing technology proven to be effective in reducing pressure on water
resource, yet often overlooked as a viable alternative for supplying water to
households and businesses while reducing stormwater runoff in urban settings. This
paper developed, fabricated and tested various collapsible rubber tank (CRT)
designs and influence water users and decision-makers to strongly support RWH. With
proper handling and maintenance, CRT can be a good alternative for rainwater
storage and can be used in hard-to-reach areas particularly during emergency
situations and relief operations.
Volume 3, Issue 1, December 2018
Only few studies investigated the adaptive capacity or
adaptation practices of indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines and none so
far in the Compostela Valley. Since the landslide and flash flood events in
2012 brought by Typhoon Bopha, no systematic study has been conducted to
compare the adaptive capacity of IPs and non-IPs in New Bataan’s most affected
communities. This paper contributes to the assessments of adaptive behavior
with the ultimate goal of stimulating adaptation support to the most vulnerable
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2018
Tacloban, Philippines, the city most devastated by typhoon Haiyan in 2013, faces severe water supply constraints, particularly on the relocation sites that are expected to accommodate 40% of Tacloban's population by 2018. This study assess the impacts of climate change on the hydrological system on which Tacloban relies for water supply purposes.
Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2017
Philippine reefs are mega-diverse but, to date, few ecosystem models have been developed to understand their dynamics and functioning. This study assessed the status of reefs in 12 municipalities of Leyte Gulf, Philippines.
Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017
The livelihoods of Aytas of Floridablanca, Pampanga, Philippines are dependent on natural resources, which are prone to climate change impacts. To assess their adaptive capacity, this paper analyzed the different resources available in their community using the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Framework.