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Climate Change Impacts and Transformative Adaptation Strategies among Farming Households in the City of Koronadal, Philippines

  • Volume 4, Issue 1, April 2021

This study assessed the climate trends, changes, impacts, and adaptation strategies of farm households in five barangays in the Roxas mountain range, Koronadal City, South Cotabato by using household survey data from 265 respondents, and complimented with focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. The findings of the study revealed that climate changes are manifested by floods, landslides, and droughts as experienced by the local people which caused devastation and affected socioeconomic and environmental conditions of farming livelihood. Farmers used to have bountiful harvests, however, this situation recently changed due to the increasing climate-related risk events. The existing adaptation strategies are just stop-gap solutions that address the effects of climate change, but do not consider the root causes. To consider future changes in climate patterns, the socioeconomic and political structure and processes of the communities need to change by addressing multifaceted drivers of climate change hazards and their impacts. Some grassroot-level transformative adaptation strategies identified in the study consisted of socioeconomic facets, specifically, investment in children’s education, financial management, family planning, and development of alternative on-farm and nonfarm livelihood options. The environmental aspect, including the promotion of agroforestry system, water impoundment technologies, and advanced early warning system, were also considered.


Harvesting and Managing Rainwater Using Collapsible Rubber Tanks

  • Volume 4, Issue 1, May 2019

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is an existing technology proven to be effective in reducing pressure on water resource, yet often overlooked as a viable alternative for supplying water to households and businesses while reducing stormwater runoff in urban settings. This paper developed, fabricated and tested various collapsible rubber tank (CRT) designs and influence water users and decision-makers to strongly support RWH. With proper handling and maintenance, CRT can be a good alternative for rainwater storage and can be used in hard-to-reach areas particularly during emergency situations and relief operations.


Adaptive capacity of local communities to flash floods and landslides: Comparison of indigenous and non-indigenous people in Eastern Mindanao

  • Volume 3, Issue 1, December 2018

Only few studies investigated the adaptive capacity or adaptation practices of indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines and none so far in the Compostela Valley. Since the landslide and flash flood events in 2012 brought by Typhoon Bopha, no systematic study has been conducted to compare the adaptive capacity of IPs and non-IPs in New Bataan’s most affected communities. This paper contributes to the assessments of adaptive behavior with the ultimate goal of stimulating adaptation support to the most vulnerable people.


Hydrological modeling to assess water resources resilience towards climate change impacts in Tacloban, Philippines

  • Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2018

Tacloban, Philippines, the city most devastated by typhoon Haiyan in 2013, faces severe water supply constraints, particularly on the relocation sites that are expected to accommodate 40% of Tacloban's population by 2018. This study assess the impacts of climate change on the hydrological system on which Tacloban relies for water supply purposes. 


Adaptive Capacity of Indigenous Peoples to Changing Climate: The case of the Aytas of Floridablanca, Pampanga, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017

The livelihoods of Aytas of Floridablanca, Pampanga, Philippines are dependent on natural resources, which are prone to climate change impacts. To assess their adaptive capacity, this paper analyzed the different resources available in their community using the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Framework. 


Adaptation and adaptive capacity to flooding of farming households: Insights from Mabitac, Laguna, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017

Vulnerability to flooding due to climate change results in limited access to resources, soil erosion and/or deposition, and reduced quality of water supply among others, affecting many farming communities. Recognizing the need to assess and better understand the adaptive capacity of farming communities, this study determined the effects of flooding and assessed the adaptive capacity levels of farming households in Mabitac, Laguna, Philippines as a case.


Tourism Industry Financing of Climate Change Adaptation: Exploring the Potential in Small Island Developing States

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017

In many small island developing states (SIDS), tourism is a principal driver of the economy and of infrastructure development. The SIDS’ tourism sector is, however, threatened by climate change impacts, which will likely incur high costs for climate change adaptation (CCA). 


Statistical Downscaling of Future Precipitation Scenarios for Agusan del Norte, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2017

General circulation models (GCMs) are essential tools for understanding climate behavior and projecting future global climate, but with limited applications for local vulnerability assessments, impact studies, and risk analyses.


Simulating impacts of El Niño and climate change on corn yield in Isabela, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2017

Advancing climate change and increasing frequency of El Niño events will impact corn growth and development in Isabela Province. This study assessed the potential impact of El Niño and climate change on yellow corn (Zea mays L.).


Calibration, validation and application of CERES-Maize model for climate change impact assessment in Abuan Watershed, Isabela, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 1, November 2016

Recently, corn farmers in Abuan Watershed and Isabela Province are experiencing declining crop yields caused by insufficient amount of rainfall. To increase crop yields and reduce production risks, research on better use of available rainfall and better understanding on effects of climate variability, and soil and field management on crop production is imperative.


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