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Philippine Institutions and Complex Institutional arrangements for Climate Change Adaptation in Agriculture

  • Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2021

The Philippines is one of the countries highly vulnerable to climate change, and this condition threatens further the meager agricultural production in the country. However, while the Philippines has established the institutional foundations linking climate change to agriculture, through policies and legislation, advances in climate change adaptation have been slow, especially at the local level. This paper demonstrated that this gap in policy formulation and actual implementation stems from the lack of institutional analysis in CCA efforts in the Philippines. The paper concludes that along with the scientific and technological discussions, institutional conversations should be among the initial vital steps in CCA planning, and policy and decision-making. It further advocates that institutional analysis can be the entry point for designing reforms toward effective CCA implementation.


Simulating Impacts of ENSO and Climate Change on Sugar Cane Production in Negros Occidental Province, Philippines

  • Volume 4, Issue 1, November 2019

The Philippines is a global player in sugar cane production with Negros province, aka “sugarlandia”, accounting for 80% of national production. As changes in climatic conditions have and will continue to directly or indirectly affect sugarcane production, we should understand better how climate change and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events will impact production targets and future irrigation requirements. This paper demonstrates how a crop model can be used to assess the present and mid-century impacts of ENSO and climate change on sugarcane growth and productivity in Negros Occidental province, Philippines.


Adaptive capacity of local communities to flash floods and landslides: Comparison of indigenous and non-indigenous people in Eastern Mindanao

  • Volume 3, Issue 1, December 2018

Only few studies investigated the adaptive capacity or adaptation practices of indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines and none so far in the Compostela Valley. Since the landslide and flash flood events in 2012 brought by Typhoon Bopha, no systematic study has been conducted to compare the adaptive capacity of IPs and non-IPs in New Bataan’s most affected communities. This paper contributes to the assessments of adaptive behavior with the ultimate goal of stimulating adaptation support to the most vulnerable people.


Transportation Resilience in the Global South: A Post-Haiyan Investigation in Tacloban, Philippines

  • Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018

In 2013, Super Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest tropical cyclones to impact the Philippines, made landfall in Tacloban City. The typhoon incapacitated the city, breaking down its main lifeline, the transport system. This article analyzes how a weakened transport system exacerbates disaster vulnerability, specifically manifested in the restricted mobility and access of people and communities immediately after an extreme event.


Assessment of Adaptation to the Impacts of Typhoon Pablo (Bopha) in Eastern Mindanao, Philippines

  • Volume 3, Issue 1, August 2018

Typhoon Pablo (Bopha) was the most powerful storm to have hit the island of Mindanao, southern Philippines in more than 100 years of recorded storms. This paper identified the adaptation gaps in the post-Typhoon Bopha recovery and reconstruction based on roundtable discussion, household survey and conjoint analysis.


Hydrological modeling to assess water resources resilience towards climate change impacts in Tacloban, Philippines

  • Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2018

Tacloban, Philippines, the city most devastated by typhoon Haiyan in 2013, faces severe water supply constraints, particularly on the relocation sites that are expected to accommodate 40% of Tacloban's population by 2018. This study assess the impacts of climate change on the hydrological system on which Tacloban relies for water supply purposes. 


Tourism Industry Financing of Climate Change Adaptation: Exploring the Potential in Small Island Developing States

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, July 2017

In many small island developing states (SIDS), tourism is a principal driver of the economy and of infrastructure development. The SIDS’ tourism sector is, however, threatened by climate change impacts, which will likely incur high costs for climate change adaptation (CCA). 


Statistical Downscaling of Future Precipitation Scenarios for Agusan del Norte, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2017

General circulation models (GCMs) are essential tools for understanding climate behavior and projecting future global climate, but with limited applications for local vulnerability assessments, impact studies, and risk analyses.


Total Carbon Column Observing Network Philippines: Toward Quantifying Atmospheric Carbon in Southeast Asia

  • Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2017

TCCON (Total Carbon Column Observing Network) is dedicated to the precise measurements of greenhouse gases such as CO2 and CH4. TCCON measurements are used extensively for satellite validation, for atmospheric chemistry modeling, and for carbon cycle studies.


Simulating impacts of El Niño and climate change on corn yield in Isabela, Philippines

  • Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2017

Advancing climate change and increasing frequency of El Niño events will impact corn growth and development in Isabela Province. This study assessed the potential impact of El Niño and climate change on yellow corn (Zea mays L.).


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